Home  / ECR 39 46

ECR 39 46

Reference code

ECR 39 46


Royal Patents: Grant of fairs at Eton




29 July 1445

Content description

Grant to the Provost and College of Eton of two fairs at Eton upon their own ground called Mychelmylwardeshay and elsewhere in the town and parish as they appoint viz. three days following Ash Wednesday and six days following 13 August, with all liberties etc except such fairs be to the nuisance of neighbouring fairs. No purveyors, buyers, takers or ministers of the King or any other magnate shall take anything in the said fairs or make any prise there against the will of the Provost and College, or the men coming to the said fairs, upon pain of imprisonment to be inflicted by the ministers of the Provost and College, the offenders to remain in prison until they have made amends for their trespass. The Provost and College to have cognisance of all pleas of trespasses and contracts and of others arising in the said fairs to be held there in their court before their steward or bailiff appointed to that end, to the exclusion of the jurisdiction of the King's justice, eschaetor, sheriff, steward, marshal of the marshalsey, coroner, clerk of the market or any other minister, so that all coming to the said fairs shall be free of all arrest and disturbance from these justices and officers, as well themselves as their goods and chattels, notwithstanding any statutes, ordinances or acts to the contrary. Witnesses: John, Archbishop of Canterbury and chancellor, William, Bishop of Lincoln, Thomas, Bishop of Bath and Wells, John, Duke of Exeter, Humphrey Duke of Buckingham, Ralph Boteller, Lord Sudeley, Treasurer, and John Beauchamp, Knights, master Adam Moleyns, clerk, keeper of the privy seal. Given at Westminster, by the King.

The Great Seal, natural coloured wax, on doubled tag.

A note scribbled on the tag reads: That is to say, Sundays are not to be reckoned within the six days.

Associated material

This grant does not appear on the Charter Roll, though the warrant for it, signed "R.H.” survives [P.R.O. C.81/1437]. A similar grant, however, had already been made on 24 December 1443 [ECR 31/413], in which the second fair was to start on the feast of the Assumption (15 August), and not on 13 August. The first copy of this patent, with green wax seal attached, is catalogued as ECR 31/415

Publication note

Cal. Charter Rolls, 1427 to 1516, p.39 There is an error in the Calendar, the second fair being given as lasting for three days instead of for six days.
The First Report of the Royal Commission on Market Rights and Tolls (1889), app.p.139, gives only the Ash Wednesday fair for Eton in the 1792 list of fairs, and, in the 1888 list, no fair there at all.
Further information and resources

Can't find what you are looking for?

Digital resources

Terms and conditions

Powered by CollectionsIndex+ Collections Online